A frequent question about VA loan limits is what the maximum amount a Veteran can borrow with a VA loan.
There is no maximum VA loan amount. There is only a maximum amount you can borrow without a down payment. For any loan above the published VA loan limit, the veteran borrower must pay 25% of the difference between their loan amount and the loan limit.
Below are more details on how to qualify for a VA loan above the standard mortgage lending limit.
The VA Guaranty
The VA guaranty does not refer to any type of guaranty that you will be approved for a VA loan. Those applying for a VA Loan must meet the loan guidelines for each of the following areas: Income, assets, credit requirements and the property must also qualify based on soundness of the property.
The VA guaranty is the Veteran’s Administration’s promise to pay the lender, usually up to 25% of the loan amount, for losses if the loan goes into default. For instance, let’s imagine a person defaults on a VA loan for $100,000. The home is foreclosed on and needs to be sold. Since foreclosures usually net lower sales prices than regular sales, the lender will likely not recoup the full $100,000.
So, imagine that the lender only nets $75,000 on the resale. The VA will pay the lender $25,000 (usually up to 25% of the original loan amount) to make up the difference.
Because of the VA guaranty, a lender can issue a VA loan at 100% of the value or purchase price. Without this guaranty, the home buyer would need a large down payment.
VA Guaranty Limits
Rather than calling VA’s limits “loan limits,” it’s more accurate to call them “guaranty limits.” These limits are the maximum amount or percentage of the loan that the VA will pay the lender in case of default.
What if my Loan Amount is more than the VA limit?
It’s true that there is no maximum loan amount you can finance with a VA loan. Here’s why: VA puts a cap on the amount it will guaranty, but does not put a cap on the amount you can buy.
For instance, let’s imagine you live in a county with a maximum guaranty of $417,000. You could purchase a home for $517,000 with a VA loan.
However, instead of VA guaranteeing the full $517,000, they would only guaranty $417,000 and you would guaranty $100,000.
How do you guaranty that amount? By coming up with a down payment.
Make a Down Payment to Increase Loan Limits
When you purchase a property for more than the VA loan limit, you have to come up with a down payment. Your down payment effectively “guarantees” the portion VA doesn’t cover.
In the example above, you would come up with 25% of the $100,000 – the amount by which you exceeded the VA limit. So in this case you would need a $25,000 down payment to buy the $517,000 house.
The same formula can be used for any VA purchase above VA’s limits:
< Lesser of Home Price or Appraised Value
— Minus VA guaranty limit for the county
χ Times 25% (0.25)
= Equals the amount of down payment needed
Using this formula, you can see that there is no limit to the purchase price of the house, as long as you have the down payment required to fill the gap.
Talk to one of our VA home loan experts if you may need to make a down payment on a home you’re interested in.
2015 VA Guaranty Limits by County
The limits are based on the county where you want to buy a home. These county limits can change every year, or even multiple times per year based on Congressional action. But typically, limits do not change mid-year.
A chart offered by the VA lists the 2015 VA loan limits in various counties throughout the United States. For any county that isn’t directly listed on the chart, the loan limit for 2015 is set at $417,000.
There are many counties that qualify as “high cost” areas where the VA guaranty limit is higher. For instance, in Los Angeles County, California, the maximum loan amount the VA will allow with zero down payment is $625,500. In Denver, Colorado, the maximum limit is $424,350. The highest VA limits are available in Honolulu, Hawaii at $721,050 and Kauai, Hawaii at $713,000.
Remember, eligible veterans can purchase homes above these limits, but they will have to have a small down payment to get the loan.
Loan Limits based on Entitlement
There are also limits on what VA will guaranty based on a veteran’s entitlement. The standard entitlement for an eligible veteran is $36,000. If a veteran has this amount, then he or she can purchase a home for up to the county’s VA guaranty limit without a down payment.
The entitlement amount is a little misleading. The maximum VA guaranty limit used to be $144,000, which is where the $36,000 number came from ($36,000 X 4 = $144,000). However, with rising home prices, VA increased guaranty limits. The actual guaranty limit for a $417,000 home is $104,250, for instance. But the same $36,000 is used to reflect the fact that the qualified veteran has full entitlement and get a loan up to the county limit with no down payment.
In some cases a veteran can use part of their entitlement, but have some left over for an additional purchase. For instance here’s an example if a veteran purchased a home but only used $10,000 of his or her entitlement.
Here’s the formula to figure out how much this veteran would be able to buy the second time around:
County limit x 25% = Maximum Guaranty
Maximum Guaranty – Entitlement Used = Entitlement Available
Entitlement Available x 4 = Maximum loan without a down payment.
Sounds confusing, but let’s look at the example above to put it into real terms. Assuming the county has the standard guaranty limit of $417,000:
$417,000 x 25% = $104,250
$104,250 – $10,000 (entitlement already used) = $94,250
$94,250 x 4 = $377,000.
In this case, the veteran would be able to purchase a $377,000 with no down payment.
VA entitlement can be a complicated issue and the formulas above may not apply in your case.